Migration Management

Counter trafficking

Improving knowledge, enforcement and coordination in counter trafficking 

In support of the Rwandan Government’s efforts to end Trafficking in Persons (TIP), IOM Rwanda implements a project with UNICEF and UN Women as partners. The joint project increases the knowledge and capacities of relevant actors regarding the development and implementation of effective, evidence-based counter-trafficking policies, regulations and legislations and increase the efforts to identify trafficked persons, investigate trafficking cases, and prosecute trafficking offenders. The aim is to assist both the Government of Rwanda and civil society organizations in Rwanda, to strengthen their capacity to respond to all forms of internal and cross border human trafficking, including trafficking of children and to identify and protect victims.

Specifically, the project will enhance the competency of government agencies and social and child protection actors to make informed decisions on TIP programming based on accurate data on TIP in Rwanda. The project will complement and reinforce ongoing efforts by the Government and key partners to address human trafficking. This project will also make available a comprehensive research report describing TIP in Rwanda and it will support civil society organizations in acquiring skills to contribute to counter trafficking efforts in the country.

Strengthening the identification and protection of victims of trafficking among refugees in Rwanda

IOM Rwanda partners with UNHCR and the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees (MIDIMAR) to increase the awareness of Trafficking in Persons, identification and referrals among the refugee community and staff operating in refugee settings, including the six camps and their surrounding communities. The project conducts a research assessment in the camps on the issue which will be used to deliver tailored awareness materials and sensitization activities for the refugees in the camps and their surrounding communities. The project will also conduct tailored trainings for the authorities which will improve the services offered and increase trust in the process and encourage victims and witnesses to come forward.

Assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR)

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) is an indispensable part of a comprehensive approach to migration management aiming at orderly and humane return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host or transit countries and wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin. 

IOM Rwanda works with the Rwandan Government and UNHCR to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants, particularly to those who find themselves in difficult migratory circumstances. These can include individuals whose application for asylum was rejected or withdrawn, stranded migrants, victims of human trafficking, and other vulnerable groups.

Reintegration of Rwandan Returnees

Reintegration plays an essential part of return migration as it empowers and protects returnees by providing them with necessary tools and assistance for their reinsertion into the society and their country of origin, while general contributing to the sustainability of return.  

From 2010-2015, IOM Rwanda, in close coordination with the Government of Rwanda, assisted more than 8,000 Rwandan returnees from neighbouring countries, especially the Democratic Republic of Congo, through different socioeconomic reintegration projects. 

Immigration and Border Management

ICT Strategy for integrated border management 

As Rwanda strives to secure its image as a leading example of development in the region, improving border management is a crucial part of the country’s strategy. IOM is working in close partnership with the Directorate General of Immigration and Emigration (DGIE) to provide capacity building, training and technical assistance. The project aims to develop an integrated ICT strategy that helps to streamline online application procedures for visas and permits, increase the DGIE’s capacity to effectively monitor and manage increased population flow at borders, and integrate DGIE’s current systems with the Rwandan Government’s online initiative which will put all Government’s services together in one online platform.

Secure Cross-border Social, Economic and Commercial Activities in the Great Lakes Region

Since 1 December 2018, IOM Rwanda is implementing a European Union funded project entitled ‘Secure Cross-border Social, Economic and Commercial Activities in the Great Lakes Region’, which aims at strengthening sub-regional economic integration and social cohesion of cross-border communities and at increasing cross-border trade.

This comprehensive three-year regional action aims at establishing a reliable Integrated Border Management (IBM) structure. 

The project activities comprise:

1/ Infrastructural development, with the construction of a One Stop Border Post Rusizi II/Ruzizi II, between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo; 

2/ Provision of a contextualized Border Management Information System;

3/ Capacity development to build a solid IBM foundation, at national and bilateral level (between the two countries);

4/ Interventions aimed at strengthening cross-border trade through the empowerment of the informal traders who are mostly women;

5/ Enhancing linkages between the cross-border communities; and

6/ Creating a safe environment, especially for the women traders in the border areas.  

IOM is working closely with the implementing partner, Trade Mark East Africa (TMEA), a non-profit organization, promoting the economic and commercial sector in East Africa and strongly engaged in infrastructural development for border trade. IOM will draw on its expertise in migration and border management and human mobility issues, while TMEA will draw on customs and trade experience to work jointly with the two Governments.

Migration and Development 

Migration Data Management

IOM Rwanda assists the Government of Rwanda to streamline migration data in a way that it can be used effectively by policymakers, for the benefit of the country and migrants alike. A current migration profile exercise would bring together all information relevant to migration and development, thus allowing for a more appropriate policy approach and contributing to a better understanding of the policies implemented. 

Diaspora Mapping

IOM Rwanda in close collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and East African Cooperation (MINAFFET) is carrying out a diaspora mapping exercise in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. This diaspora mapping exercise will provide an insight into the diaspora socioeconomic profile, professional skills and expertise and will assess their capacity, interests and motivation to participate in the development process of their country of origin, Rwanda. The exercise will also promote evidence-based policymaking and support the mainstreaming of diaspora issues into the development policymaking process in the country.

Migration and economic/community development

In Rwanda, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) experience a number of challenges, including: a) limited capacities of owners of SMEs to operate their business in a more professional way; b) limited knowledge of available opportunities on the market; and, c) lack of data and information for strategic initiatives.

In partnership with the Private Sector Federation, IOM Rwanda developed a strategic plan for a business institute with the aim of establishing appropriate mechanisms that respond to the capacity gaps of the private business operators, mainly start-ups and SMEs, as well as establish a platform for business research that will inform the advocacy agenda. This is part of return migration as it empowers and protects returnees by providing them with the necessary tools and assistance for their reinsertion into the society. 

Migration Health

Migration Health Assessments and Travel Health Assistance

At the request of receiving country governments, IOM Rwanda provides an evaluation of the physical and mental health status of migrants prior to their departure for the purpose of resettlement, international employment, enrolment in specific migrant assistance programmes, or for obtaining a temporary or permanent visa. 

IOM Rwanda’s Migration Health Assessment Center (MHAC) in Kigali provides health assessment services and travel assistance service mainly for migrants and refugees traveling temporarily or permanently to the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. The health assessment is conducted by highly trained and experienced migration health physicians and nurses based on the protocols defined by the resettlement or admitting countries. From 2010 to June 2018, IOM Rwanda has medically assessed 18,700 refugees and has done 9,970 pre-departure medical screenings.

Improving National EVD and COVID-19 Preparedness and Surveillance Measures in Rwanda
IOM Rwanda contributes to the Government of Rwanda’s efforts to prevent and respond to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) and the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). IOM implements two projects, funded by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID) and the Government of Japan respectively. Through these projects, IOM, in close collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Rwanda Biomedical Centre, is contributing to strengthen surveillance at Points of Entries, increase capacity building of key Government officials and health care workers and increase awareness amongst communities.



Title File
IOM Rwanda Counter Trafficking Infosheet 2020
IOM Rwanda Infosheet
CT Infosheet
AVRR Infosheet
Reintegration Infosheet
ICT Infosheet
IBM Infosheet
Diaspora Infosheet
Migration Health Infosheet
Improving National EVD and COVID-19 Preparedness and Surveillance Measures in Rwanda _ DFID Project
Improving National EVD and COVID-19 Preparedness and Surveillance Measures in Rwanda_JSB Project