Given Rwanda’s peace and stability since the genocide against the Tutsi in 1994 and its geographical location, the country has become a safe haven for people fleeing conflicts and other hardships in the region. Rwanda hosts thousands of refugees from neighbouring countries in refugee camps as well as in urban settings. As of 30 April 2018, Rwanda accommodates 158,194 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo (74,276) and Burundi (83,918).  

Additionally, the country is also receiving Rwandan nationals who are returning home after years spent living as refugees or asylum seekers abroad. Over 3.4 million refugees returned in the peaceful years after the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi. 

IOM Rwanda actively supports the Government of Rwanda in all its migration related efforts. Among the key issues being addressed in close partnership with the government are diaspora engagement, human trafficking, return and reintegration of Rwandan nationals and refugee resettlement to third countries. 

IOM Rwanda provided humanitarian assistance in the months after the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi and continued to work in Rwanda until 1999. The office then re-opened in 2008.